The Creation of Adam, the Father of Humankind
Allah has ordained that the ones chosen by Him will inhabit earth. They would work the lands and build thereon. They would be tested in the material realm so it would be established who is obedient and pious and who is ignoble. God, the Exalted, says:
“And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know."” (Qur’an 2:30)
The authority God first placed on earth was Prophet Adam, the father of humankind. God created Adam on a Friday, as is mentioned in the Prophetic Tradition: “The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday. In it God created Adam, and on it he was admitted into Heaven and on it he was expelled from it, and the Final Hour will be established on a Friday.” (Muslim)
For this reason, God chose Friday as the weekly holiday for the Muslims. Due to the lofty status Adam held, Allah ordered the angels to bow down to him out of respect and honor; all the angels immediately did this. Satan, who was in the company of the angels refused to bow down to him. Arrogance and pride prevented him from obeying the command of God. God, the Exalted, says about this: “[So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay. So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration."So the angels prostrated - all of them entirely. Except Iblees; he was arrogant and became among the disbelievers. [Allah] said, "O Iblees, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant [then], or were you [already] among the haughty?" He said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay."[Allah] said, "Then get out of Paradise, for indeed, you are expelled. And indeed, upon you is My curse until the Day of Recompense." He said, "My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected." [Allah] said, "So indeed, you are of those reprieved Until the Day of the time well-known." [Iblees] said, "By your might, I will surely mislead them all except, among them, Your chosen servants. [Allah] said, "The truth [is My oath], and the truth I say -[That] I will surely fill Hell with you and those of them that follow you all together."(Qur’an 38:71-85)
God, through His wisdom, ordained that Adam and his offspring would inhabit the earth. God then created Eve, the wife of Adam.
The Expulsion of Adam and His Wife from Jannah
When the Devil refused to bow down before Adam, he sealed his own fate. He informed God that he would mislead the children of Adam and take them with him to the evil abode of Hell.Read More +
He is the first Messenger sent by God. He was sent after his people began practicing Shirk (polytheism). Their condition deteriorated steadily and they forgot the fundamentals of their faith that were passed down to them by their forefathers who upheld the creed of Islam. ...Read More +
Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim)
He is known as Khalil ar-Rahman (The one whom God chose for His love). His eldest son was Prophet Ismail and his second son was Ishaq (Isaac). From their descendants came the majority of Prophets and Messengers. ...