The Expulsion of Adam and His Wife from Jannah

When the Devil refused to bow down before Adam, he sealed his own fate. He informed God that he would mislead the children of Adam and take them with him to the evil abode of Hell. God tells us about this: “And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud. And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration." So the angels prostrated - all of them entirely, Except Iblees, he refused to be with those who prostrated. [Allah] said, O Iblees, what is [the matter] with you that you are not with those who prostrate?" He said, "Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud." [Allah] said, "Then get out of it, for indeed, you are expelled. And indeed, upon you is the curse until the Day of Recompense." He said, "My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected." [Allah] said, "So indeed, you are of those reprieved. Until the Day of the time well-known." [Iblees] said, "My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all. Except, among them, Your chosen servants."” (Qur’an 15:28-40)

The enmity between Adam and Iblis began from the beginning of Adam’s creation. Iblis lay in wait for him, and tried in every way to make him disobey the commands of Allah. When Iblis realized that God prevented Adam from eating from a certain tree, he convinced both Adam and his wife to eat from it. Adam and Eve were then expelled from Heaven. They both repented and were sorrowful for what they did and God accepted their repentance. God, the Exalted, says: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except Iblees; he refused. So We said, "O Adam, indeed this is an enemy to you and to your wife. Then let him not remove you from Paradise so you would suffer. Indeed, it is [promised] for you not to be hungry therein or be unclothed. And indeed, you will not be thirsty therein or be hot from the sun." Then Satan whispered to him; he said, "O Adam, shall I direct you to the tree of eternity and possession that will not deteriorate?" And Adam and his wife ate of it, and their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Heaven. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred. Then his Lord chose him and turned to him in forgiveness and guided [him]. [Allah] said, "Descend from Heaven - all, [your descendants] being enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from Me - then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray [in the world] nor suffer [in the Hereafter]. And whoever turns away from My remembrance - indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind."” (Qur’an 20:116-124)

Once the Devil (Iblis) was cast out of the Heavenly abode, and Adam was expelled on account of his disobedience, the progeny of Adam remained obedient to Allah and worshipped Him alone. After ten generations, people faltered in this regard and went astray. God then sent Prophets and Messengers to guide humankind to the path of God. The first Messenger God sent after Adam was Prophet Noah. During his time as a prophet polytheism became a norm of life. God, the Exalted, says: “Noah said, "My Lord, indeed they have disobeyed me and followed him whose wealth and children will not increase him except in loss. And they conspired an immense conspiracy. And said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwa' or Yaghuth and Ya'uq and Nasr. And already they have misled many. And, [my Lord], do not increase the wrongdoers except in error."”(Qur’an 71:21-4)

The best of the Prophets and Messenger are the five known as Ulul’Azm , they are:

  • Prophet Noah
  • Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim)
  • Prophet Moses (Musa)
  • Prophet Jesus
  • Prophet Muhammad

    • Prophet Noah

      He is the first Messenger sent by God. He was sent after his people began practicing Shirk (polytheism). Their condition deteriorated steadily and they forgot the fundamentals of their faith that were passed down to them by their forefathers who upheld the creed of Islam. ...

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      Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim)

      He is known as Khalil ar-Rahman (The one whom God chose for His love). His eldest son was Prophet Ismail and his second son was Ishaq (Isaac). From their descendants came the majority of Prophets and Messengers ...

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      Prophet Moses (Musa)

      He is the one whom God spoke to. Allah, the Exalted, says: And when Moses arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, "My Lord, show me [Yourself] that I may look at You." [Allah] said, "You will not see Me, but look at the mountain; if it should remain in place, then you will see Me." But when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He rendered it level, and Moses fell unconscious. And when he awoke, he said, "Exalted are You! I have repented to You, and I am the first of the believers."(Qur’an 7:143)